Hazan

(pl. Hazanim)
   Cantor of Jewish liturgies. Originally a sexton, the office dates from about 650, coinciding with the rise of piyyutim for congregational singing with a soloist. A professional appointed by the community, the hazan acted as liturgical leader as well as poet and teacher in the community. Until siddur were printed in 1486, the hazan possessed the single manuscript copy for a synagogue, and the congregation followed his singing by rote. Because rabbis often considered popular piyyutim liturgically superfluous, hazanim were often at odds with them, particularly from the 16th century on, when the hazan’s improvisations (hazanut) came under fierce attack.

Historical dictionary of sacred music. . 2006.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • hazan — hàzān (hazàn) m <G hazána> DEFINICIJA jud. 1. pjevač u sinagogi; kantor 2. pomoćnik rabinu i za razne druge poslove u sinagogi i židovskoj općini ETIMOLOGIJA hebr. hazzān: pomoćnik …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • hazan — [ azɑ̃] n. m. ÉTYM. 1962, Larousse; mot hébreu, même sens. ❖ ♦ Didact. Chantre (d une synagogue) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Hazan — Porté par des Juifs séfarades, le nom désigne en hébreu (Hazzan) celui qui chante à la synagogue. Il a aussi désigné au Maroc le rabbin chargé de l enseignement religieux des enfants. Variantes : Azan, Hazzan, Hazane …   Noms de famille

  • hazan — [hä′zən; ] Heb [ khä zän′] n. pl. hazans or hazanim [hä΄zə nēm′, häz΄zənim′; ] Heb [ khä zä nēm′] [Yiddish khazn < Talmudic Heb chazan] a cantor in a synagogue …   English World dictionary

  • Hazan —  Cette page d’homonymie répertorie des personnes (réelles ou fictives) partageant un même patronyme. Hazan est un nom de famille notamment porté par : Adeline Hazan (1956 ), femme politique française ; Danièle Hazan, actrice de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • hazan — is., Far. ḫazān Güz, sonbahar Teselliden nasibim yok hazan ağlar baharımda. M. A. Ersoy …   Çağatay Osmanlı Sözlük

  • hazan — noun the official of a synagogue who conducts the liturgical part of the service and sings or chants the prayers intended to be performed as solos • Syn: ↑cantor • Hypernyms: ↑spiritual leader * * * hazan, hazzan varr. chazzan …   Useful english dictionary

  • hazan — noun (plural hazanim) Etymology: Late Hebrew ḥazzān Date: 1650 1. an official of a Jewish synagogue or community of the period when the Talmud was compiled 2. cantor 2 …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • hazan — Seph. /khah zahn /; Ashk. /khah zeuhn/, n., pl. hazanim Seph. /khah zah neem /; Ashk. /khah zaw nim/, Eng. hazans. Hebrew. a cantor of a synagogue. Also, hazzan, chazan, chazzan. * * * …   Universalium

  • Hazan — persischer Name, Bedeutung: Herbst …   Deutsch namen

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.